Park Ophthalmology in the Triangle Explains Common Terms for Eye Patients

woman with glassesBeth R. Friedland M.D. of Park Ophthalmology knows that accurate communication ensures the best eye health and vision possible for all of her patients in the Raleigh-Durham area. She is always eager to help patients understand as much as possible about vision and treatment options.

Dr. Friedland provides this brief list of common terms patients may hear during their eye exams:

  • 20/20 vision: The term “20/20” is used by many to mean “perfect vision.” As a standard, it means that objects 20 feet away are clear to the viewer. However, there are many other aspects to vision – peripheral sight, depth perception, color recognition and eye coordination. A person can have 20/20 vision but still have deficits in one or more of these other areas. Corrective lenses, whether glasses or contacts, are designed to provide vision that is as close to 20/20 as possible.
  • Nearsighted (myopia): Someone who has clearer vision up-close than at a distance has myopia, or nearsightedness. It is important to have clear distance vision for tasks such as driving and sports. Myopia can be corrected with glasses, contacts and sometimes refractive surgery.
  • Farsighted (hyperopia): Just as it sounds, the person who is farsighted sees objects more clearly in the distance than objects that are closer. Reading, computer work, crafts and cooking can all be more difficult for the person with hyperopia. Corrective lenses and surgery are options for patients with hyperopia.
  • Astigmatism: An initial eye examination may be the first time a person hears that he or she has astigmatism, a condition in which a person’s corneas (clear membranes covering the irises) are more oval than round. The American Academy of Ophthalmology estimates that one out of three Americans has astigmatism, often with resulting myopia or hyperopia.
  • Presbyopia: As people enter middle-age, many find themselves holding a book or newspaper at arm’s length to bring it into focus. This is a natural part of aging and is called presbyopia.

Educating patients about their vision is a top priority at Park Ophthalmology. Contact the office today with questions or to schedule a comprehensive vision exam.


Park Ophthalmology welcomes patients from all areas of the Triangle and offers a wide variety of specialized services including surgery for diseases of the eye, vision examinations, eye safety information, sports medicine protective eyewear and counseling, contact lenses and evaluation, and all types of ocular diagnosis and treatment. Many types of surgery are available, including cataract and laser surgery. We are here for you and your eye and overall health. Give us a call today!

This article about the vision care is brought to you by the professional team at Park Ophthalmology located in the Triangle Region of North Carolina.

The information contained in this blog article is intended solely for informational purposes and is not intended to be offered as medical advice.


Park Ophthalmology

5306 NC Highway 55, Suite 102 (adjacent to the RTP/ Research Triangle Park)

Durham, NC 27713

Office: 919 544 5375

Fax: 919 544 5829


Park Ophthalmology North

6512 Six Forks Road, Suite 105

Raleigh, NC 27615

919 846 6915

Office Manager Jenny Whitman, e-mail:

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